How to Create a Simple Python Flask API


In this tutorial, we will learn how to create a simple Python Flask API. Flask is a micro web framework written in Python that allows you to build web applications easily. It is lightweight, flexible, and easy to use, making it a popular choice for developing APIs.

Before we dive into creating our Flask API, let’s take a moment to understand what an API is and why it is important. An API, or Application Programming Interface, is a set of rules and protocols that allows different software applications to communicate with each other. It defines how different components of a software system should interact with each other, enabling seamless data exchange and integration.

APIs play a crucial role in modern software development as they allow developers to build applications that can interact with other systems, services, or platforms. They enable the exchange of data and functionality between different applications, making it possible to create complex and interconnected software ecosystems.

Flask, being a web framework, allows us to build APIs that can be accessed over the internet. This means that we can expose certain functions or resources of our application to other systems or developers, allowing them to interact with our application programmatically.

In this tutorial, we will be building a simple Flask API that will serve as a backend for a blog application. The API will allow users to create, read, update, and delete blog posts. We will cover the basic concepts and techniques required to build a fully functional API, including routing, request handling, and database integration.

By the end of this tutorial, you will have a good understanding of how to create a Flask API and how to implement common API functionalities. You will be able to apply this knowledge to build your own APIs for various purposes, such as mobile app backends, data integration, or web service development.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following:

  • Python (3.6 or higher)

Step 1: Create Project Directory and Navigate

Open your terminal or command prompt and execute the following commands:

Open project in VS Code with the following command:

Open VS Code terminal:

VS Code

Step 2: Create Virtual Environment:

In your terminal or command prompt execute the following commands:

Step 3: Activate Virtual Environment:

  • On Windows:
  • On macOS/Linux:

Step 4: Install Flask:

Once your virtual environment is activated, you can install Flask:

Step 5: Create Python Files

Inside the flask_project directory, create three Python files:,, and

Step 6: Creating User and Car Classes

Inside, add the following code:

Inside, you can create the Car class similarly, but we’ll leave it as a TODO for you to complete.

Step 5: Creating the Flask App

Now, let’s move on to and create our Flask app.

Testing the API

To test the API, run the script by executing python in your terminal.

You should see output indicating that the server is running.

Now, open your web browser or a tool like Postman and navigate to http://localhost:8000/users. You should see a JSON response containing information about the users.


Congratulations! You’ve successfully created a simple Python Flask API. Flask provides a flexible platform for building web applications and APIs, and this tutorial only scratches the surface of its capabilities. Experiment further, add more routes, and explore Flask’s extensive documentation to unlock its full potential. Happy coding!

Source Code: